Definition of Ready in Scrum

In Scrum, the Product Backlog Items are refined, during the activity of “Backlog Refinement”, until they are “Ready” for selection in Sprint Planning. To determine the items that are ready it is important that Scrum teams consider “Definition of Ready”. In fact, the Definition of Ready helps Product Owners to …

Aspects to manage programs successfully

Managing programs is not as easy as it seems. In fact, there are some aspects that program managers should considered in order to manage programs successfully. Let’s analyze some of the most critical aspects that can support program managers in this tough business. Documenting project activities and tasks Usually, when …

Nexus increases Scrum slightly

There are companies that use Nexus to scale their software and product development. Nexus is a framework based on Scrum that uses an iterative and incremental approach to develop products. Nexus is based on the Scrum Framework and increases Scrum slightly. Let’s see why Nexus is based on Scrum and …

Software companies deal with Technical Debt

Many companies in the software industry have to often deal with the concept of “technical debt”. Technical debt is also known as design debt or code debt. Let’s analyze this concept in depth. What is technical debt? Technical debt happens when development teams take actions to expedite the delivery of …

Nexus Sprint Review and Retrospective

The Nexus framework is based on Scrum. It helps companies to scale software and product development. In fact, it helps organizations to develop products in a faster way by reducing costs. Let’s analyze in depth two Nexus events: Nexus Sprint Review and Retrospective. What is the Nexus Sprint Review? The …

Use Kanban to organise project work

Many Scrum teams use Kanban to organise their project work. In fact, these teams use Kanban as a visual management tool to deliver work faster and more often. Let’s see what is Kanban and how it is evolving over time. What is Kanban? Kanban is a lean method that aims …

Identifying and managing project interfaces

Large and complex programs usually have projects with lots of dependencies. Identifying and managing interfaces between projects it is crucial for program success. Identifying project interfaces There can be different types of project interfaces. For instance, let’s imagine that we have two projects that are part of the same program: …

The characteristics of Nexus Daily Scrum

Nexus helps companies to scale software and product development. In fact, thanks to this framework organizations are able to develop products in a faster way by reducing costs. As the Nexus framework is based on Scrum, it can be useful to understand what are the differences between Scrum and Nexus. …

Scrum, the risk-reduction framework

Scrum does not clearly define any controls. As Scrum is a risk-reduction framework it already contains various risk controls. In fact it is important to remember that Scrum aims at solving complicated issues to reach project success. Here is a list of controls that can reduce the risk of project …

Sprint Planning event in Nexus

Nexus is a framework, based on Scrum, that helps companies to scale software and product development. In fact, thanks to this framework organizations can plan, launch, scale and manage large product and software development projects. In addition, they are able to develop products in a faster way by reducing costs. …

Scrum requires practice and experiments

Scrum is a framework that implements an empirical process. In general, empiricism is a principle that states that to obtain knowledge people should depend on practice and experiments, rather than on theories. In fact, thanks to this process, progress is based on observations of reality and not on imaginary plans. …

How to plan a complex program

As a program is a group of related projects, planning a program requires the planning of all projects that compose the program. In fact, it is important to have a process in place that helps planning these projects. In addition, it is crucial to periodically analyze each project to make …

Estimate Product Backlog items

To estimate Product Backlog items Scrum does not require a specific technique. The objective of estimation Estimations should allow discussion to obtain more information about the product backlog items. Estimations help to create a shared agreement about the solutions. In fact, it is important that the team is commitment on …

Develop better products faster with Nexus

Today, more than ever, organizations need to build products that add higher value to customers and the business. To be more competitive companies need to develop products in a faster way by reducing costs. To accomplish this goal organizations can use the Nexus framework to scale software and product development. …

How to keep up with technology with Scrum

Today technology moves at light speed. Let’s see how to keep up with technology with Scrum. The waterfall method In the past, the standard way to manage software development was by using the “waterfall method”, basically the process was to execute activities sequentially. In fact, in waterfall, the development starts …

Scrum relies on transparency

Scrum relies on transparency. It is important to notice that transparency does not occur overnight, but is a path. The importance of transparency Transparency makes visible the progress of work and team. As a result, when the team achieves its goal, people who are responsible for it can be identified …

Scrum, the risk-reduction framework

Scrum does not clearly define any controls. As Scrum is a risk-reduction framework it already contains various risk controls. In fact it is important to remember that Scrum aims at solving complicated issues to reach project success. Here is a list of controls that can reduce the risk of project …

Communication in Program Management

Communication is the act of moving information from one person to another. We communicate in everything we do. In fact, we cannot avoid communicating with others. Communication is a critical tool in managing programs. In fact, to communicate effectively, program managers must know really well the communication process. The communication …

Business agility to maintain a competitive edge

Business agility is a very important ability for a company. In fact, it helps companies to maintain a competitive edge over competitors over time. Business agility helps organization to adapt and succeed in the digital era by providing customers with innovative and  technical solutions. Evolving gradually To implement an agile …

Agile processes have tranformed PMOs

Agile processes have created new ways of thinking about Project Management, which impact Project Management Organizations in various ways. Traditionally, a PMO focuses on implementing basic project management processes, introducing basic tools, and supporting the professional growth of competent project managers. Moreover, the PMO can support management to make decisions …

How to start a Program again

Sometimes it can happen that a Program is killed. The reasons why this happens can be different. In fact, a Program can fail for bad timing, poor management or bad delivery.  So, here are the required steps to start a Program again. Program Preparations During Program Preparations it is important …

How to predict the future marketplace

Today, the business world is changing at a fast rate. For this reason, it will be increasingly difficult to predict the future marketplace. Moreover, companies should expect this trend to continue in the future. The Strategy concept Companies have always used strategy to reach organizational objectives by using their resources. …

The Program Management phases

Program Management is the process of managing a group of related projects in order to achieve a defined business goal or benefit. Managing a program requires a set of phases. Definition phase The first phase of a program is the definition phase. During this phase the program manager initiates the …

Impediments can influence Sprints

In Scrum, development teams have the objective to reach Sprint goals. Impediments can jeopardize the achievement of the Sprint‘s objectives. What is an impediment? In Scrum, an impediment refers to anything that holds a development team back from being productive. Basically, it is any problem that blocks the team from …

The organizational context can influence projects

All projects live in an organizational context. All organizational characteristics can influence the execution and the outcome of a project. These characteristics can challenge project managers. In fact, to be successful they should be able to operate under those conditions. Be ready to change To support agility a company should …

Programs are more complex than projects

A program is a group of related projects that have the same benefit and strategic goal. For this reason, some organizations manage these projects in a coordinated way to increase the probability of obtaining the expected benefits. Programs are complex Today programs are getting more complex than in the past …

A daily meeting: the Daily Scrum

One of the five Scrum events The Daily Scrum is one of the Scrum events. During this meeting the team members synchronize their progress with each other. They create a plan for the next 24 hours. The Daily Scrum is held every day of the Sprint and lasts at most …

How to start and execute a program

Determine program size  To run a program it is important to evaluate the number of days needed to complete the program. In fact, it is important to determine the budget of the program. To determine the dimensions of the program it is necessary to evaluate the sizes of the projects …

How to perform work in Scrum

The team decides about the work In Scrum, after the Sprint Planning, the Development Team starts to work on the Sprint Backlog items. In fact, each member of the team analyzes the items in the Sprint Backlog. Afterwards, the team decides who will work on what tasks. Even if team …

How to evaluate project performance

Project performance by using the traditional approach In traditional project management, project managers can use Earned Value Management (EVM) to evaluate project performance. EVM is a structured project management process which finds variances in projects based on the comparison of worked performed and work planned. This process is used to …

Program scope describes the work to be done

Scope describes the program’s work Program scope describes the work of the entire program and its overall boundaries. Each project of the program must describe its specific scope of work. In fact, each of them contributes to the overall program objectives. To document program scope you can use roadmaps, narratives, …

The Sprint Backlog elements and traits

Increase the level of transparency The Sprint Backlog increases the transparency of information about what is the work planned and accomplished for the next Sprint by the Development Team. In fact, the Sprint Backlog is a highly visible, it represents a snapshot of the work that the Development Team plans …

The best way to determine the project status

The importance of status report It is a common practice to use status reports to monitor project’s progress. Status reports are part of the project management basics. In fact, they are part of the project documentation. Status reports quantify the project’s progress. This helps you to make informed decisions. In …

Sprint Planning kicks off the Sprint

Sprint planning is one of the events of the Scrum Framework. This event kicks off the Sprint. It can last a maximum of eight hours for a one-month Sprint. For shorter Sprints, the event can be shorter. The purpose of this meeting is to determine the Sprint plan and set …

The building blocks of Agile: Iterations

Agile approaches are characterized by sequence of iterations. In fact, iterations are the building blocks of Agile methods. Each iteration is a fixed-length timebox. Usually the length of iteration can vary between a week and a month. The development team works to deliver a potentially releasable Increment of “Done” product …

Programs are risky initiatives

Program risks can cause a program to fail to meet its objectives. There are different types of risks, and some of them are common to any program. Among these risks we found that the customer may want to change the program goals. The program charter which contains the program’s purpose …

Start from the framework and go beyond

Scrum is a lightweight framework which helps organizations to develop and sustain complex products. The Scrum framework has: Roles: Scrum Master, Product Owner, Development Team Artifacts: Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, Increment Events: Sprint, Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review and Retrospective Scrum addresses complexity by making information transparent. So that, …

Stand-up Meetings and Agile Teams

Agile teams have daily meetings called stand-up meetings. Teams usually have the meeting in the morning which lasts no more than 15 minutes. Stand-up meetings are important to keep the development team on the same page. In other words, teams use these meetings to uncover problems, and ensure the work …